Phonics is a way of teaching children how to read and write. It helps children hear, identify and use different sounds that distinguish one word from another in the English language.
Written language can be compared to a code, so knowing the sounds of individual letters and how those letters sound when they’re combined will help children decode words as they read.
Understanding phonics will also help children know which letters to use when they are writing words.
Phonics involves matching the sounds of spoken English with individual letters or groups of letters. For example, the sound k can be spelled as c, k, ck or ch.
Teaching children to blend the sounds of letters together helps them decode unfamiliar or unknown words by sounding them out. For example, when a child is taught the sounds for the letters t, p, a and s, they can start to build up the words: “tap”, “taps”, “pat”, “pats” and “sat”.
We follow on from the good phonics work and knowledge developed in foundation stage with a consistent approach of a 30 minute synthetic phonic lesson daily. The lessons are fast paced and engaging. We concentrate on one sound per week. The first two days of the week concentrate on reading words and sentences with the sound of the week in and incorporate such activities as trash and treasure, roll and read, bingo and phoneme spotters. Children are encouraged to use robot talk as they sound out the words and blend them. In the next two days, we concentrate on writing words and sentences with the sound of the week in. When writing words, children are encouraged to use a tap and write method which enables them to sound out the word as they write it.